Biodiversity

The Exceptional Values of Mt Canobolas

Ground Orchid Mt Canobolas

Area of Outstanding Biodiversity Value

A submission lodged with the Office of Environment and Heritage nominates Mount Canobolas State Conservation Area as an Area of Outstanding Biodiversity Value under the NSW Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016. The data on biodiversity overwhelmingly supports that the SCA merits such recognition.

Lichen covered Rock - SAVE MT Canobolas SCA

A Natural Laboratory

Mt Canobolas SCA is a natural laboratory providing many fertile avenues for research and education. It functions as both a refugium for declining species and an evolutionary nursery for new species. At least ten scientific institutions or organisations use the SCA and much remains to be understood – limited formal studies of biota have been undertaken.

Endangered Ecological Community -Eucalyptus dalrympleana (Mountain Gum) and E. pauciflora (Snow Gum)

Endangered Ecological Communities

Vegetation on Mt Canobolas resembles that in other high altitude parts of eastern Australia, but many differences set it apart. In all, seven vegetation types occur, including two listed as Endangered under the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016. In addition, there is a unique endangered lichen community on Mt Canobolas that is also endemic to the SCA.

endemic to the Canobolas - Prostanthera gilesii

Endemic Species

A most interesting feature of Mt Canobolas biodiversity is the unfolding discovery of many endemic species.  At least nine species are found in the wild within the SCA and immediate surrounds, and nowhere else in the world. These species depend entirely on the SCA for their survival.

Fungi endemic to Mt Canobolas

Regionally Significant Species

The isolation of high montane / sub-alpine habitats on Mt Canobolas has captured outliers of numerous species, known from other areas of the State but finding their limits in or around the SCA.  Such isolated populations evolve independently and may potentially form new species.